You can change careers within medicine, but it can be a lengthy process to switch specialties. Retraining in another specialty can take several years. It is much better to research and assess your options first so that you make the best choice for your future career goals. You can also consider the different career paths within one specialty. For example, a career in general practice offers many different options. Rural GPs often pursue a particular clinical interest, such as obstetrics, surgery or skin conditions. Other GPs find a niche, such as becoming a media personality or a prison GP, and you can read some of their stories at GP Options.